PIG FEED REQUIREMENTS AT EACH STAGE OF GROWTH

Let me share some important information on Pig feeding per stage.

Piglets
Young pigs do not take much in terms of solid feed because they get all their nutritional needs from their mothers’ milk. To ensure piglets get enough milk from suckling during the early stages of growth, farmers should give the sows adequate and balanced feed to ensure they produce adequate milk for the piglets. At three weeks after farrowing (birth), the farmer should castrate all male piglets and start to train them to eat solid feeds. Suckling piglets should also have their sharp teeth clipped, three days after farrowing to prevent them causing injury to their mother during suckling.

Assuming a farmer has 10 piglets to feed, they can isolate a creep area (housing for young ones) where their mother cannot reach and put in 50g of feed per piglet per day. Observe the feeding daily; if you see the feed reducing, add another 50g for each into their feeding trough to make it 1kg. At 5 weeks (35 to 42 days) add another 50g per piglet to make it 150g. The piglets should always have access to their mother in case they want to suckle. They should also have access to clean water at all times.

Weaners

At 6 weeks, each piglet should be getting 200g of feed per week. If they finish the feed, keep on adding an extra 50g per piglet daily. During the feeding process, the farmer should weigh the pigs weekly (a healthy pig at this stage should add at least 900g per day). If there is an increase in weight at this rate, it means that the pigs are growing well. Weaners should be given dry feed at all times to prevent scouring or diarrhoea. Give adequate clean water at all times.

Porkers

At 14 weeks, the pigs will require additional feed; the farmer can give 1.4kg of extra feed per pig per day. In addition, the farmer should continue giving the 50g of feed as they were doing before. Divide the pig feed into three equal portions:

A wet ration in the morning at 7 am (feed mixed with water), a dry feed at noon (feed with no water) and a final wet feed (feed mixed with water) at 4 pm. A well-fed porker pig should add an extra 300g of weight per day (weigh them regularly and record their weight to monitor their growth).

Baconers

At 22 weeks, the pigs (now called baconers) require a higher feed ration as they are about to attain the market liveweight of between 80-90kg. At this stage the farmer should give them 2.5 – 2.75kg of feed per pig per day. From 23 weeks, the feed should be increased to 3kg (1kg of wet feed in the morning, 1kg of dry feed at noon and 1kg of wet feed at 4pm). If well managed at this stage pigs can attain up to 100kg in 5 months.

At this stage the farmers can now do selection of the pigs to determine those that can go to the abbattoir for slaughter, young female pigs (gilts) can be served and sold to interested farmers while others can be retained for breeding as sows. The boars (male pigs) can also be sold or retained for breeding purposes (be careful to ensure the pig does not serve its daughters or related pigs to avoid inbreeding). A well-managed baconer should add an extra 900g to 1000g (1 kg) per day.

Sows

Sows need special attention in feeding. A sow’s yield can be as high as 16-17 litres of milk per day. To produce this amount of milk, a sow has to be well fed, both for body maintenance and milk production. A sow with piglets that are suckling requires 6 kilogrammes of feed every day or an amount of feed that is equal to 25 % of her body weight.

The feeding should be divided into 3 rations (2kg of wet feed in the morning, 2kg of dry feed at noon and 2kg of wet feed at 4pm). Like other pigs, sows should be given adequate and clean water at all times.

Gilts

A female pig that is not yet served (gilts) should be given at least 3kg of feed per day. The farmer can supplement this with any other available feed in addition to this ration to keep them in good shape in terms of health and reproduction.

Boars

Male pigs (boars) should not be given a lot of feed. If given more feed, they tend to put more weight and this compromises their fertility. A boar should be given 3 to 4 kg of feed per day. Some farmers give less or even starve them in order to reduce fattening. Give them clean water at all times.

Please note that you will only get good weight and quality feed if you have quality Pigs.

Good and Quality Pigs I would recommend Large White, Landrace, Duroc and Cross Breed of these 3.

Please note that Inbreed is very bad for Pigs. Inbreed is pigs that are born from sister and brother mother and son or daughter and father. Never let related pigs to breed.

You need to build them a pan that has sun protection and you put concrete floor.

Please note that Sow get pregnant for 3 month, 3 weeks and 3 days. Almost 4 months. When the Sow Farrows, you need to inject piglets with Iron before 5 days.

If you are doing commercial farming, you can Wean them at 28 days and feed them as per above advise. Let their mother rest for a month and pick up the weight. Once you are happy with the weight, then you can serve her again on her next heat.

After 2 to 3 months you need to separate male and female piglets. Female piglets must stay virgin till she is 9 months old and serve her with a good quality Boar.

Please note that pregnant Sows must stay alone on her pan that allows her to make 90degre turn with access to food and water.

If you are farming for business you only require 1 Boar to service and serve your Sows. Keeping 2+ Boar in your farm will affect you as you will be feeding them to do nothing. Sell them and buy good quality feeds for your pigs that you are raising.

Below is the best process to select the good quality Boar.

After Weaning your piglets, Select all male piglets and put them on separated small pans and give them quality feeds. Let them all have 24 hours free access to food and water. After 7 days, you must weigh them all. Let’s assume you have 10 male piglets. and the first four that weighs less you take them out and put them in one pan. Feed the remaining 6 for a week again and weigh them again and the 2 that will weight less, you take them back to the pan to join the first 4. Now you are left with 4 male pigs. You will feed them for another week and weigh them. You select the best 2 and take the other 2 and put them to the pan to join the other 6. Now you are left with 2 strong giants. Let them have 24/7 access to water and feeds and weigh them after 7 days. The winner will be your next good Boar to serve all your Sows. You will see the results he will produce. You can give him 20x sows he will handle them all.

All those that failed the test you feed them till they are 6 to 7 months and you can start selling them.

Please also note that it is important to Deworm your pigs every 2 months. Also note that is is advisable to inject your Sows with Farrowsure before she is served.

You are welcome to visit my farm prior arrangements for practical training.

Let’s farm Pigs so that we can enjoy healthly Meat.

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